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A Practical Guide To Implementing 5S In The Workplace

6 min read
Last Updated on 01 February, 2021
A Practical Guide To Implementing 5S In The Workplace

It’s a highly competitive world out there and everyone wants to grab the top spot. In this rat race, organizations around the world are trying their best to optimize their efforts. Several methodologies are tried and tested to maximize output aided by employee development schemes. And amidst all the methods applied by organizations, one that proved to be uber effective is the 5S in the workplace.

What is the 5S System?

The 5S System is a Japanese set of principles developed by the Toyota Motor Corporation in the late 1960's. This method emphasizes more on workplace organization to increase productivity, efficiency, and safety. All these three factors positively impact employee engagement levels in the workplace.

The 5S System is a lean manufacturing methodology derived from five Japanese terms, namely-

  • Seiri meaning Sort.
  • Seiton meaning Set in Order.
  • Seiso meaning Shine.
  • Seiketsu meaning Standardize.
  • Shitsuke meaning Sustain.

Toyota applied this method in their production framework called the Toyota Production System. And soon, it received the fame of being the leading vehicle manufacturer in the world.

The principles of 5S are not just limited to production processes. Other organizations too can apply it to increase safety and reduce wastage in their own set of processes.

Moreover, the 5S program is also one of the foundations of the Six Sigma Principles.

5S - The Five Pillars of a Visual Workplace

The principles of 5S methodology are termed as the five pillars of visual workplace. Let’s learn about each 5S principle in detail:

Seiri (Sort)

The first principle of 5S goes as Seiri or sorting. It's all about arranging things properly and removing unnecessary items around the workplace. The end goal of this step is to reduce extra clutter to promote better efficiency and avoid mistakes.

How to implement this step?

Start off by asking your employees what is necessary and what isn’t around their workspace.

For example-

  • You can ask your employees if an item is needed?

  • If the item is really required then try to find its importance?

Once you get the answer, you can ask if this can be moved to a better place for freeing up the space?

This should be done really carefully and only the people using the object should be enquired about it. Make a priority list and assign a secluded space for storing the unnecessary items.

After doing it, you’ll see how smoothly people can move around adding to your workplace efficiency. This will further create space for things that your employees actually need to work efficiently.

Seiton (Set in order)

The second step in the 5S process is to set things in order. It is more like visual management where you need to store things where they’re easily accessible and doesn’t cause any issue.

How to implement this step?

Ask your employees the following questions, like-

  • Which items are used frequently?

  • Who or which team uses them the most?

  • When the item or the equipment is used?

  • How many of those items or equipment could be further required in the future?

Also, ask for their opinion regarding where to place the objects for better accessibility.

After you get the answers to all these questions you can do the following -

Using tags, shadow boards, labels and floor markings to denote designated spaces as per their usage.

In case of heavy and risky equipment, use safety signs and notice boards with precautionary measures to alert people working there.

With proper storage management of tools and equipment you can create a safe working environment

Seiso (Shine)

The objective of the third principle in the 5S system is to create a clean and well-maintained work environment.

It is a known fact that productive people always keep their work stations clean to save themselves from distractions. Well, the opposite of it is also true, where a clean work environment boosts productivity and level of motivation. It makes the employees feel comfortable and focus on their work.

How to implement this step?

  • Encourage cleanliness with attention to minute details in the initial phase.

  • Make sure the workspaces are cleaned regularly and take regular stock if cleanliness is maintained at all times.

Further, instead of being dependent on house keeping staff encourage employees to keep their workspace clean. This will also instil a sense of ownership and also make them responsible for maintaining their efficiency

Following these steps perfectly complimented by the above two principles will help you sustain a healthy work environment.

Seiketsu (Standardize)

The fourth 5S principle is about setting standards for the measures you take across the organization. When you set a definite standard for any process the effectiveness of it increases many folds.

Standardizing processes help you turn them into habits rather than keeping them as a one-time process.

How to implement this step?

  • Create schedules and divide the tasks noted above among your employees.

  • Keep track of the progress and provide adequate guidance at every step.

  • Take regular employee feedback for optimizing various processes.

For this, initially you can set reminders or send out emails. In the emails, you can educate your workforce about the effectiveness of the 5S system.

Also, have discussions on how they can take up the same to improve their personal lives.

Shitsuke (Sustain)

We have now reached the last and final principle of the 5S System i.e. Shitsuke or Sustain.

Implementing the 5S methodology is all about sustaining the positive changes that it brings along. The objective is to optimize the business processes and remove things that obstructs efficiency.

It is not a one man task and you bring in all your employees to ensure proper implementation of this principle.

How to implement this step?

Here, you can also reward and recognize your employees for all their efforts in establishing the 5S methodology. Doing this will encourage them to continue with their 5S practices and keep improving their efforts.

The Benefits of 5S in the Workplace

The 5S system brings along several benefits for businesses of all kinds if applied accordingly. Many organizations implement it as a part of their company culture. With this, they bring employees together to function as a team and prevent obstructions as they proceed.

Here are a few benefits of implementing 5S in the workplace-

Increased Productivity

One of the primary goals of every organization is to increase employee productivity and the 5S system delivers it effectively. Setting things in order right from the initial stages minimize the amount of clutter. It lets the employees perform efficiently without getting overwhelmed or distracted. Thus, allowing them to stay focussed and productive.

Maximum Workplace Safety

One of the primary objectives of the 5S system is to uplift the level of workplace safety combining order and cleanliness. Clean and well maintained work spaces reduce the chance of mishaps happening during work hours. Further, it gives the employees a sense of security allowing them to operate with a free mind.

Optimal Waste Reduction

Another reason for implementing the 5S System is to optimize waste management. Adopting the 5S methodology allows organizations to streamline their resource pools and avoid misuse. It is very important for organizations as this’ll help them bring down the cost of operations. At the same time, it is also great for building a positive brand outlook as effective waste management is a buzzing topic in today’s date.

Increased Employee Commitment and Involvement

Once you start off with 5S methodology it becomes more like a part of your company culture. With great coordination, 5S principles become a part of the daily workplace routine for everyone. Employees learn to take up responsibilities and take care of their part of the job to keep their workplace free. Thereby, decreasing employee absenteeism and increasing retention within the company.

Implementing and Sustaining 5S Methodology in your Workplace

Though 5S principles are particularly meant for manufacturing companies other’s can adopt and mould it as per their needs. This is because the ultimate aim of every organization is the same i.e. to achieve maximum growth. Hence, implementing the 5S system makes sure that everyone joins in to improve efficiency and productivity.

There’s no bar on who can deploy the 5S methodology so even small businesses can practice it.

Here are a few ways how organizations can implement the 5S methodology and sustain it in the long term-

  • Create teams consisting of at least one manager or a leader who can communicate the end goals.

  • Host 5S training sessions for all employees before you begin implementing any principle.

  • Designate tasks to teams in accordance with their work areas and job function.

  • Hold review meetings with team leaders to track progress and verify results.

  • Run employee surveys to understand the impact of implementing the 5S methodology.

  • Display the positive results and acknowledge the best performers.

Conclusion

The 5S system consisting of seiri, seiton, seiso, seiketsu and shitsuke gives you visual control over your workplace. It allows you to understand the problem areas and solve it before any red tag is raised.

Here eliminating waste is the end goal that comes when processes are really optimized. That is why every workplace should at least give this method a try and see how it positively affects them.

Besides working as a content marketer at Vantage Circle, Shah Alif Ahmed is also an internationally certified nutrition specialist, competitive bodybuilder and a musician. For any queries reach out to editor@vantagecircle.com