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Understanding and Utilizing Emotional Intelligence in the Workplace

5 min read
Last Updated on 25 February, 2021
Understanding and Utilizing Emotional Intelligence in the Workplace

What is Emotional Intelligence?

Emotional Intelligence is the capability to identify, manage, evaluate and understand our own emotions and also of the people around us.

The concept of emotional intelligence was introduced by psychologists Peter Salovey and John Mayer in 1990. The idea was generalized in 1995 by psychologist and author Daniel Goleman after the release of his book, Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More than IQ.

High IQ can get you your dream job, but to sustain, grow and evolve, you have to have a strong hold on your Emotional Intelligence. The rules for business are changing. We are being judged by this new yardstick and not just by how smart we are, or by our training and expertise but also by how well we handle ourselves and each other.

In 33 workplace skills, emotional intelligence ranks #1 in importance. It is not only important for the employees to be successful in the workplace but also for business leaders. This yardstick is increasingly applied in choosing who will be hired and who will not, who will let go and who retained, who passed over and who promoted.

This blog is for the business leaders, managers and employees to understand and utilize emotional intelligence in the workplace and help them in their professional development.

Let’s Deep Dive

In today’s professional world emotional intelligence is one of the most important skills and you cannot shy away from it. It is not an inclination, it's a human trait which is necessary for any workers in an evolving workplace.

Here are the few statistics collected from several sources to prove why Emotional Intelligence is one of the major factors for productivity, growth, and success of an organization.

  • 90% of top performers have above average emotional intelligence
  • Emotional Intelligence is responsible for 58% of job performance
  • 75% of the Fortune 500 use some kind of emotional intelligence training
  • Emotionally intelligent people earn on average $29,000 more
  • Every point increase in emotional intelligence adds $1,300 to an annual salary

The 5 Components of Emotional Intelligence

In your day to day life or in your workplace you must have come across people who deal with problems positively, without losing their temper. They are respectful to their peers, self-motivated and keep an endearing aura around them, which makes them approachable. They listen to others and make careful and informed decisions.

We like and respect these people, don’t we?

Yes, we do. You know why? Because they have high emotional intelligence.

But the question is where does this level of EI come from?

According to Daniel Goleman, there are 5 components to it. The more you improve on each of these areas, the higher your emotional intelligence becomes.

The Components


1. Self-awareness

Self-awareness is the ability to carefully identify your: emotions, strengths, weaknesses, actions and understands how these influence others around you
Self-awareness comes from the understanding of your own being. You know your feelings and also how your actions and emotions can affect others. You are more aware of your surroundings since you actively observe it.

2. Self-regulation

Self-regulation allows you to wisely manage your emotions and impulses. Self-regulation is all about your actions. How you act in control and take calculated decisions without getting carried away.

3. Empathy

Empathy is all about understanding others perspective without being cynical. The ability to put yourself in someone else’s shoes.

4. Motivation

To remain self-motivated and optimistic in any given situation. It is about enjoying what you do and working towards achieving your goals.

5. Social skills

Having good communication skills and being approachable. Effective social skills help build strong connections and healthy relationships.

Your Need for Emotional Intelligence in the Workplace

Giving and Receiving feedback

In any workplace the process of giving and receiving feedback is vital. It not only helps in employee productivity but also keeps them engaged and motivated. But the process is often hopeless. Managers or higher authorities almost always do not give much of a thought into it, making the process very ineffective.

When you are emotionally intelligent, you understand the importance of giving and receiving feedback. You know how to give and receive feedback constructively.

Dealing with challenging work relationships

Do you have a cranky boss? Or do you find it difficult to build a strong working relationship with your teammates since your beliefs and opinions differ?

Conflicting ideas and opinions between you and your team members can really stop you from achieving your goals and your job satisfaction.

When you are emotionally aware you understand their behaviors and actions and accordingly work towards having a more collaborative and satisfactory work relationship.

Accept the Change

You have heard the saying ‘ Change is the only constant in life’.
Even in your working life cycle, you have to deal with change. This is when emotional intelligence helps you to adapt and grow with it.

Setbacks and Failure

The project you were working on for months gets shelved. You could not complete your targets or fell flat on the face while trying to learn and execute something new. Setbacks and failures like these are inevitable.
When you have high emotional intelligence, you take every little bump in your road as a learning process and you grow and evolve with it.

Ways to Improve Emotional Intelligence in the Workplace

Active listening

When you actively listen to your peers or any members in your workplace, you bring more clarity to the conversation. This helps you understand other’s perspectives clearly and build respect and healthy work relationships. Emotionally intelligent people practice active listening and also observe other’s body language while doing so.

Stop Reacting

Stop reacting and start responding more. Emotionally intelligent people know how to respond to a bad situation, conflicts or emotional outburst. They know how to stay calm and deal with a stressful situation without losing patience.

Stay self-motivated

You often meet unmotivated people who always find their way to misery and excuses. And then you come across people who are cheerful, happy and ready to tackle any difficult problems. The second kind is people with high emotional intelligence. They are ready to face problems and give their best to solve them. They are always self-motivated and resilient.


‘The best skill I’ve developed and the one that’s served me best as a founder, a CEO, and a marketer is empathy. Being able to put myself in the shoes of other people and imagine their pain, their problems, their workflows and speed bumps have been invaluable’, says Rand Fishkin, founder of Moz.

When you empathize with people, you build a connection and relate to them on a human level. Empathizing with others help you build respect and healthy relationships. People with high EI understands people from their frame of reference and possess this trait of keeping themselves in another’s position.


Developing emotional intelligence is not going to take place overnight. Understanding its components and then utilizing those every day in the workplace is the key. Stay focused and take baby steps and soon the benefits of emotional intelligence will reflect on your career.

This article is written by Braja Deepon Roy. He works as a Content Creator and Digital Marketer at Vantage Circle. He actively participates in the growth of corporate culture and keeps himself updated in this space. For any related queries, contact